long-term side effects of emergency contraceptive pills

Long-term side effects of emergency contraceptive pills



Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. However, like all medications, ECPs may have some potential side effects. It's important to note that ECPs are not intended for regular use, but only as a backup method of birth control.


Some of the known short-term side effects of ECPs include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, headache, breast tenderness, and menstrual changes such as irregular bleeding or spotting. These side effects typically subside within a few days and are not harmful.


There is no evidence to suggest that ECPs have any long-term side effects. Studies have shown that the use of ECPs does not increase the risk of infertility, birth defects, or cancer. However, it is important to note that ECPs are not recommended as a regular form of contraception, as they are less effective than other forms of birth control and should not be relied upon as the sole means of preventing pregnancy.


If you have concerns about the use of ECPs, it's important to speak with your healthcare provider. They can provide more information about the benefits and risks of ECPs and help you choose the most appropriate method of birth control for your individual needs.